Last year Guatemalan archeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli and his team discovered a Mayan frieze while working in a buried pyramid in the Mayan city of Holmul in the Peten region of Guatemala. Measuring 8 by 2 meters, this high-relief stucco sculpture includes three main characters wearing rich ornaments of quetzal feathers and jade, sitting on top of the head of a mountain spirit called witz. It depicts images of gods and godlike rulers. A cartouche on the headdress contains glyphs identifying each individual by name.
Colombia is the award-winning country as the number one destination in the world for eco-tourism, during this year edition of World Travel Fair in Shanghai, from 9th to 11th May.
How is that possible?
Colombia's World first:
- Greatest number of birds species
- greatest number of amphibian species
- greatest number of palm tree species
- most extended marine biosphere of the planet
- largest Caribbean coastline
- 150 coral species
- 65 micro climates
- 1st world producer of flowers
- 3,500 kinds of orchids
- 939 moss species
- greatest number of butterflies species with 14,000 species
- greatest number of hummingbirds species with 150 species
- 456 species of mammals, 7% of the entire planet
There have been several stone heads discovered in Guatemala and their origin is relatively unknown, although they are thought to have been made by the Olmec civilization between 1400 and 400 BC. As of today, 11 large undated carved heads or rotund bodies with heads have been found in a cornfield near Monte Alto. One head in particular, that was found “somewhere in the jungle of Guatemala” has generated interest, because the face had Caucasian features, which were not consistent with any of the pre-Hispanic races of America.
The first person to talk about the discovery was Dr Oscar Rafael Padilla Lara, a doctor in philosophy, lawyer, and notary, who received a photograph of the head in 1987.
Written by a team from Swansea University and the Sloth Sanctuary in Costa Rica, “Mitigating the squash effect: sloths breathe easily upside down” is a study recently published in Biology Letters that aims at explaining one of the big mysteries that involves the life of sloths.
Sloths live in the rain forests in South and Central America and they are known to spend 90% hanging from their hind legs. In this position, however, the weight of the abdominal contents should push on the lungs and therefore increase the energy cost of breathing.
Altun Ha is located about an hour from Belize City. It is an ancient Maya city that is made up of two central plazas surrounded by towering temples. Plaza A, the larger of the two plazas, is the site of a tomb of a priest-king that was discovered beneath the Temple of the Green Tomb. Although the garments and the paper of the Maya “painted book” that were buried with him were destroyed, many riches such as shell necklaces, pottery, pearls, and nearly 300 jade objects were found intact. The largest temple, measuring 54 feet in height, is the Temple of the Masonry, where a 15 centimeters high jade head of the Sun God Kinich Ahau was found.
Lamanai is the third largest and possibly most interesting archaeological site in Belize.